Regulations Dictate More Action Needed On Fake Content

Click The Arrow For The Table Of Contents
Man reading technology news on tablet. All contents are made up.

A Strengthened EU Code of Practice on Disinformation will require big tech companies to take more action to ensure that purveyors of disinformation do not benefit from advertising revenues. 

Broader Range Of Commitments

The strengthened ‘Code of Practice on Disinformation will aim to achieve the objectives of the European Commission’s Guidance presented in May 2021 by setting a broader range of 44 commitments and 128 specific measures to counter online disinformation.  

What Commitments?

The bolstered code aims to galvanise (via the threat of penalties for non-compliance) more action from tech companies to tackle online issues, including: 

– Transparency of political advertising, i.e. introducing better transparency measures, allowing users to easily recognise political ads by providing more effective labelling, committing to reveal the sponsor, ad-spend and display period. 

– Ensuring the integrity of services by measures such as reducing manipulative behaviour used to spread disinformation, e.g. fake accounts, bot-driven amplification, impersonation, and malicious deep fakes. 

– Empowering users by protecting them from disinformation, giving them enhanced tools to recognise, understand and flag disinformation, access authoritative sources, and through media literacy initiatives. 

– Empowering researchers by providing better support to research on disinformation, e.g. by ensuring automated access to non-personal, anonymised, aggregated or manifestly made public data. 

– Empowering the fact-checking community across all EU Member States and languages, ensuring that platforms will consistently use fact-checking on their service. 

– Setting up a Transparency Centre, accessible to all citizens, and a permanent Taskforce to keep the code future-proof and fit for purpose. 

– A Strengthened Monitoring framework. 

Which Tech Companies Have Signed Up?

Thirty-four signatories have already joined the revision process of the 2018 Code. The EC has noted that they come from a broad area of the online environment and include companies from the advertising ecosystem, advertisers, ad-tech companies, fact-checkers, emerging or specialised platforms, civil society, and third-party organisations with specific expertise on disinformation. 

Specifically and significantly, they include Google, Meta, TikTok, Microsoft, Twitter, and Clubhouse. Additionally, Twitter is reported to have an updated code. 


The penalties for companies that do not comply with the strengthened code could be 6% of their global turnover. 

Part Of A Broader Framework

2022 strengthened Code of Practice on Disinformation will become part of a broader regulatory framework, combined with the legislation on Transparency and Targeting of Political Advertising and the Digital Services Act. 

Deepfakes: A Growing Problem

Deepfakes have been a growing problem in recent years. For example, in April 2022, researchers from the Stanford Internet Observatory reported finding more than one thousand deepfake ‘virtual’ employees on the LinkedIn platform. 

The invasion of Ukraine by Russia has also emphasised the threat posed by deepfakes. For example, in March 2022, deepfake videos of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky started appearing online, with President Volodymyr Zelensky designed to distort public perception of the invasion. 

What Does This Mean For Your Business?

Disinformation and deepfakes have plagued big tech (social media platforms) in recent years, and the effects may have influenced political outcomes and (as demonstrated in Russia’s invasion of Ukraine) could be used to distort facts in a way that could have profound implications. The events of the Trump era and Capitol Hill in the U.S. also emphasise some of the dangers of disinformation and deepfakes. It is no surprise, therefore, that governments (especially in the case of the EU) are keen to introduce more regulations to put greater pressure on big tech and social media companies to act and be more proactive in tackling this threat. The significant fines for non-compliance may also give it the teeth that it needs to have a chance of being more effective. Social media companies will have expected this strengthened code and are likely to be all-too-aware of the greater focus on them and how they police their platforms and protect their users in recent years.